The Erie (also Erieehronon, Eriechronon, Riquéronon, Erielhonan, Eriez, Nation du Chat) were an Iroquoian precontact and early-historic group of Native Americans, who lived from western New York to northern Ohio on the south shore of Lake Erie. They were destroyed by warfare waged by the Iroquois, based in New York. They adopted some of the survivors into their own tribes, primarily into the Seneca, the nation located in the west of New York..
The names Erie and Eriez are shortened forms of Erielhonan, meaning "long tail." The Erielhonan were also called the "Cat" or the "Raccoon" people. They lived in multi-family long houses in villages enclosed in palisades. They grew the "Three Sisters": varieties of corn, beans, and squash, during the warm season. In winter, tribal members lived off the stored crops and animals taken in hunts.
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